Main Cause of High Blood Pressure in India

The cause of High Blood Pressure rise in India is quite alarming and needs awareness to curb the spread.  But again, the causes are related no matter what part of the globe you are from.  

High blood pressure is one of the leading causes of death in India.  Most people are usually surprised when they are diagnosed with high blood pressure, since it has been catching on only in recent times.

Festivals and Food

The culture of India with its frequent festivals and good food, was good in the old days when people worked very hard. Now, today with lack the of exercise, good food can become a liability leading to diseases. It can lead to many illnesses such as heart attack or stroke.

The following are further causes of high blood pressure in India.

Salt is good especially in sunny climates, where you sweat it out. But you might be taking too much of it in your food and this is definitely one of the reasons for high blood pressure.

Sodium is known to retain water in your body so if you take too much salt, excessive amount will remain in the body leading to high blood pressure.

The average amount of salt which you might be using, is 20 gm of sodium per day while the required amount is 3 to 5 grams. This high amount of salt consumption is very dangerous.

An alternative way to lower the effect of sodium is to increase the intake of potassium in the body. It is the balance of these two minerals which helps your kidney to flush out water but consume more sodium than potassium.

Foods rich in potassium include potatoes, yoghurt, tuna and bananas. In India, this balance hardly takes place hence the increasing cases of hypertension.

Family history

Another way to look out for high blood pressure is through family history. A lot of times high blood pressure is passed on in the family. If a member of your family has a history of heart problems, there is a high chance that you will suffer from high blood pressure - because of the same food habits and lifestyle.

According to an article in Daily News and Analysis (an Indian Newspaper), June 2010, 8 to 10% of young adults below the age of 30 years are falling prey to hypertension due to their ways of living.


Smoking is one of the biggest causes of death in India. The nicotine in cigarettes makes your blood vessels to compress and heart to beat faster, which automatically results in raising your blood pressure.

Apart from increased tobacco consumption, it is noted that alcohol in its various forms is also being increasingly consumed by the young people hence contributing to increasing hypertension.

According to the World Health Organization Centre for Obesity Prevention, Obesity is one of the causes of high blood pressure in India.

Foods such as burgers and pizzas, which are increasingly being consumed in most parts of urban India, increase cholesterol in the human body leading to obesity.

Include more fruits and Vegetables

Fruits and vegetables have medicinal properties. This could be one of the best alternative foods which you can take to maintain your body weight - include more fruits and vegetables !


Last but not least, the American Heart Association has identified lack of exercise as one of causes of the high blood pressure levels.

While regular exercise helps in lowering your blood pressure and reducing the cholesterol levels in your body, sedentary lifestyles have taken hold of a sizeable number especially in the cities and urban areas hence the rise in cases of hypertension.

Lack of exercise combined with fatty foods, is the single most important cause of high blood pressure not only in India, but worldwide.

'White-Coat effect

Studies have shown that visiting a doctor can be a cause of high blood pressure ! Read here a BBC report on visiting a doctor and blood pressure numbers.

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